Types of rats in the UK:

Rats and mice are a massive issue within most cities and some farm areas, it is important to know the differences between the two. There are two species of rats in Britain. The Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus) and the Black Rat (Rattus rattus).

(Information from https://www.ashford.gov.uk/media/2959/rat-basic-information-for-websites.pdf)

Rats and Mice

The brown rat is considered the common rat that is likely to invade your home; the black rat is less common, however, it can be found in some seaport towns.

Why we control rats

Rats and mice communicate and mark their territory by urinating everywhere they go, representing a significant public health risk.

They can carry many diseases, which can spread to humans, normally through rats’ and mice’s urine or body coming into contact with food preparation areas.

These include:

  • Leptospirosis (often referred to as Weil’s disease)
  • Salmonella
  • Listeria
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Hantavirus

(Information from https://bpca.org.uk/a-z-of-pest-advice/rat-control-how-to-get-rid-of-and-prevent-rats-bpca-a-z-of-pests/188991 )

How to keep rats and mice away:

  • Fill holes, cracks, and gaps
  • Don’t feed them
  • Remove their habitat
  • Trim trees, shrubs, and limbs back four feet from your home
  • Set traps inside
  • Use baits and poisons outside
  • Check your neighbourhood
  • Call the pros

This is not an exhaustive list of what you can do to protect your home, however, it is advised to call in specialists like us to deal with any rat infestations.

(information from https://www.trianglepest.com/blog/8-steps-take-keep-rats-out-your-house )

Impact on property owners and businesses

Property owners have a legal obligation under the Prevention of Damage by Pests Act 1949 to keep premises rodent-free; property owners can also outsource a pest control company like us to get rid of the problem.

If a company or organisation has a rat problem, then it can impact its reputation. Poor reviews of businesses or products are easily viewed and shared online.

Common signs of rats and mice:

  1. One of the most common signs that rats have paid a visit is their feces. These tend to be found in certain areas, as rats often use the same spot and can leave up to 40 droppings in one night.
  2. Another clue can be gnawing marks on electrical cables, woodwork, plastic, brick, and lead pipes, as well as torn bags of foodstuff and materials.
  3. In dusty, unused areas of a building, rats often leave footprints or tail marks.
  4. Rats can also leave a greasy residue professionals call ‘smear marks’, which occur from their coats rubbing on the walls
  5. You may also be able to hear the rats scratching, gnawing, and scuttling around.

When using poison:

You need to be careful when placing poison or traps to ensure they are in a safe and secure place out of reach of non-target animals, children, and pets.

The BPCA has a strong warning to anyone using rodenticides – always follow the instructions on the label, and importantly search for and dispose of any dead rodents in a safe manner.

When poison is eaten by the rat, they will usually die in a cavity or roof space which will cause a bad smell.

If you cannot locate the dead rodent, it may take several weeks for the body to decompose and the smell to dissipate.

Leaving rodenticides in the open can result in secondary poisoning of non-target animals, such as pets or birds scavenging on the carcass, this will require professional help to help tackle the situation.

What we do in response to rats and mice:

Here at MIDS, we pride ourselves in our safe and effective rat and mice treatments; you can buy products including, traps, pesticides and poisons from us or have one of our trained technicians conduct a survey.


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